Color and Landscape Painting explains both linear and aerial perspective, with special attention to points for successful paintings using aerial (atmospheric) perspective.
The three major planes of depth in any landscape are covered as well.
Carol Santora is an internationally-collected contemporary animal artist living in Kennebunk, Maine, specializing in animal and wildlife paintings and pet portraits of cows, horses, sheep, farm and domestic animals, dogs and cats, the big cats, moose, bear in pastel and acrylic.
Perspective is how an object moves through space. The size of things is affected by their placement on the picture plane.
Linear perspective is measured architectural space. Things diminish in size the farther away they are, and vanish at the horizon (which is at the artist's eye level). Parallel lines converge at eye level at a vanishing point.
As things diminish into the distance, their tones shapes & colors become more and more muted and indistinct (by the atmosphere).
Aerial (atmospheric) perspective is an important aspect of landscape painting
because it allows the artist to express spatial depth. There are three major planes of
depth in any landscape: foreground, middle-ground, and background.
The three major planes can also be present in still-life and interior scenes.
- Colors become progressively lighter in value as the distance away from the viewer increases.
- Colors become progressively cooler in the distance, except for whites.
- Colors become increasingly muted, less intense in the distance.
- Color and value contrasts are reduced in each succeeding plane as it recedes away from the viewer.
- Yellow is the first primary hue that drops out of the picture as the distance increases. The second primary color to disappear is red, leaving blue.
- Details diminish in the distance.
- Edges become softer in the distance, as though slightly out of focus.
- The slightest hint of linear perspective in a landscape moves the eye back in space.
- Proportions of every compositional element must diminish in a logical progression from foreground to background.
- Overlapping shapes and forms will succeed even if all else fails.
- Use other colors with green for foliage; try not to get bogged down in too much green. (use its complement, red; use ultramarine blue and violet)